Equal Protection Plan Timeline
by Manuel Criollo on Tuesday, August 19, 2014
Collection of surveys and incident forms:
We conduct over 1,000 student
surveys asking students about their experiences with zero tolerance policies,
ticketing and their interactions with police. It becomes very clear that
truancy and tardiness ticketing is one of the key channels through which many
high school youths are being introduced to the court system. Students also reported concerning experiences
with school police officers on campus, use of handcuffs, intimidation,
citations and arrests.
CRC divides into three related
areas of work: a) Decriminalize Truancy and Tardiness, b) Reduce Police
Presence and Increase Civilian Oversight, and c) Stop the School to Prison
Pipeline, which results in new allies and partnerships with community
groups working on this issue.
Equal Protection Motion:
A resolution passed by
LAUSD Board members Ms. LaMotte, Ms. Garcia, and Ms. Flores-Aguilar supports
equal protection and civil rights for all students in LAUSD. In the 2007 Equal
Protection resolution, the LAUSD Board directed the District to review and
evaluate "current school police policies, practices and training relating to
the equitable treatment of students," specifically referring to Black and Latino
students. This is an important step towards guaranteeing that the civil rights
of Black and Latino youth are respected at school.
No on the Six: Propositions 1,
4, 6, 8, 9, & Measure R:
The Strategy Center
targets six ballot initiatives that are attacks against working people,
communities of color, especially women of color, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and
transgendered (LGBT) communities, and immigrants. Two of the propositions
continue the war of hate against low-income families, the war on crime, war on
drugs, and war on Black and Latino communities by demanding more prisons and
The No on the Six campaign
pushes the LAUSD Board under Monica Garcia's leadership to take a stand against
Proposition 6: "WHEREAS, many low income communities, including
communities of color, need additional resources and opportunities for
employment, recreation, and education that are known to steer youth and young
adults away from criminal activity toward positive and healthy futures rather
than increased attacks on their civil liberties or more intensive
law-enforcement activities aimed at ‘suppression.'"
unanimous Resolution to Invest in Students, Not Prisons (Opposition to
Initiative 07-0094), passed in June of 2008, speaks to this need for more
services rather than increased suppression.
Proposition 6 was defeated in the ballot box in November 2008.
Media Breakthrough: ColorLines and La
With our blog
on truancy ticketing going
viral, our media work leads to La
Opinion, the largest Spanish-language daily in LA, covering
our work in-depth and to Colorlines magazine featuring our work in, "Young,
Brown and Charged with Truancy."
Organizing to stop pervasive truancy sweeps at Roosevelt HS in
CRC pushes back on monthly
truancy sweeps by LAPD and school administration that result in hundreds of
tickets. We offer legal representation
on the tickets and delve deeper into the daily interactions of police officers
with students and the student and family experience going to court and
LA Weekly Expose on LASPD
The LA Weekly article titled LAUSD's Finest (by Max Taves, September 4th), on
the Los Angeles School Police Department (LASPD) reveals what the Community
Right Campaign has known from our past 3 years of work-the need to reign in the
Department for their neglect of the human rights and personal safety for the
680,000 LAUSD students and everyone in their 710 mile jurisdiction.
LA Weekly Shows LA School Police Department - Community
Rights Campaign Calls on the LAUSD Board to Protect Students
CRC with the
L.A. Chapter of Dignity in Schools Campaign (DSC-LA) releases report, ‘Police in LAUSD Schools: The Need for
Accountability and Alternatives'
collaboration with DSC-LA, CRC publishes a policy paper to call attention to
the lack of transparency of school policing and the negative impacts on school
climate. We call for specific measures
to protect the civil and educational right of students and their families.
Police in LAUSD Schools: The Need for Accountability
and Alternatives http://www.thestrategycenter.org/report/police-lausd-schools-need-accountability-and-alternatives
DSC-LA produces a model code to limit the role of police on campus and call for
a civilian review board
DSC-LA model code serves as a blueprint for school police reform to end use of
force, establish civilian oversight and decriminalize Black and Latino youth.
Ø Solutions for Los
Angeles School Police Dept.: http://www.thestrategycenter.org/report/solutions-los-angeles-school-police
CRC School to
Prison Pipeline Art/Teatro Maze
Over 150 students, teachers, parents, and community
members from various Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) schools
and social & educational justice organizations joined the Community Rights
Campaign at our Caps & Gowns NOT Jail Cell Bound event!
The maze and resistance art exhibit took participants through the experience of
an average day at a
as a young Black or Latino student. Participants were greeted
with their daily dose of standardized testing, shorten class time due to
furlough days, suspensions for "defiance", tickets from their onsite
school police officers for breaking "school rules", and much more!
Decriminalizing truancy and
tardiness takes front stage
Taking Action clubs spread the word in their communities and push for change on
truancy ticketing. CRC's campaign to decriminalize truancy and tardiness is
covered in La Opinion, Hoy, LA Sentinel, The Wave, Daily News, Beverly Press.
Lead organizer Damon Azali-Rojas appears on KPCC's Air Talk with Larry
Mantle. TV coverage includes Channel 7
ABC, Channel 34 Univision, Channel 62 Noticias.
LAUSD hires Chief Steven
Zipperman to head the school police department and directs him to work with
second day as the newly appointed head of the LASPD, Chief Steven Zipperman accepts
an invitation from School Board President Monica Garcia to meet with her, CRC
and other members of the Dignity In Schools LA Chapter to discuss ticketing and
with Public Counsel and ACLU secures LAPD directive to reform daytime curfew
enforcement (truancy tickets) in April 2011
agrees to stop ticketing students for tardiness and places restrictions on the
practice of truancy sweeps that make waves in national media--Mother Jones,
Colorlines, Huffington Post--and receives local coverage in the LA Times, the
Wave (Black newspaper), La Opinion (nation's largest Spanish-language daily).
Ø LA Times article:http://articles.latimes.com/2011/apr/14/local/la-me-truant-20110414
Community Pressure on Presiding
Juvenile Court Judge Michael Nash to address the court response to widespread
practice of truancy tickets
tens of thousands of tickets clogging Juvenile Court, Judge Nash announced in
early 2010 his desire to form a special taskforce of the LA County Education
Coordinating Council (ECC) to explore ticketing alternatives. As summer arrives, CRC convenes a meeting
between Judge Nash, CRC, ECC, LAUSD Board, and LA City Council representatives
to discuss how to move forward. As a result of this meeting, CRC and Public
Counsel are asked to join the taskforce and to submit recommendations.
CRC and DSC-LA secure LASPD
directive to reform daytime curfew enforcement in October 2011
major victory with DSC-LA, LA School Police Department (LASPD) agrees to cut
truancy/tardy ticketing dramatically, building upon the April LAPD directive. Movement is covered by LA Times, Daily News, and
At the urging of CRC, Public
Counsel and ACLU - So Cal, Judge Nash, head of LA's juvenile courts, issues new
guidelines to address exorbitant fines and unnecessary time in court for
students receiving truancy/tardy tickets.
new juvenile traffic court policy allowed all youth to request community
service to clear fines. The court also began
directing students who receive truancy tickets to school partnerships to
address underlying attendance issues rather than fines.
Ø http://www.thestrategycenter.org/blog/2012/01/10/los-angeles-juvenile-courts-will-dismiss-curfew-tickets-students-their-way-school (blog post with
links to media coverage from LA Times, Daily News, KPCC SoCal Public Radio
(89.3), and the San Fernando Valley Sun)
CRC, Public Counsel and ACLU -
So Cal Partner with City Councilmember Tony Cardenas to Amend the Daytime
Curfew Law to Include New Protections for Students
standing room only crowd greeted the historic 14-0 vote with cheers and applause as the Los Angeles City
Council voted 14-0 to amend the Daytime Curfew law, responsible for punitive
truancy/tardy ticketing and
excessive fines for low-income students of color. News is rolling in from the LA Times, statewide California Public
Radio, the Associated Press and much
Ø http://www.thestrategycenter.org/blog/2012/02/23/updated-media-touts-historic-moment-la-city-council-votes-amend-truancy-law (media coverage
post with links)
Ø http://www.thestrategycenter.org/blog/2012/02/28/making-history-crcs-14-0-victory-city-hall-roll-back-truancy-ticketing-law-lamc-4504 (blog post by
Ashley on victory)
Ø https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CzGVBoNUWjo&list=UUwGM-slnuQnQsZKUW8F1xhQ (video detailing
the organizing that led to victory)
with DSC-LA obtains school police data on all tickets
shows disproportionate ticketing for Black and Latino students and show
surprising numbers of tickets (40%) going to youth 14 and younger.
April 2012 CRC demands a moratorium on all school
tickets and engages in ongoing letter writing campaign with LAUSD to address
civil rights protections for students of color
In April 2012, CRC sends correspondence to LAUSD
Superintendent Deasy and LASPD Chief Zipperman summarizing the citations data,
the impacts on students of color and the concentration of tickets for youth 14
and younger. CRC calls for a moratorium
on all school police tickets and overall reductions by at least 75%.
National and local attention focusing on
CRC demands and LA School police data
2012 Action at Manual Arts High School
Taking Action at Manual Arts leads a rally on campus to call attention to the
racial harms caused by the school police tickets
Ø Los Angeles students protest school police citations
that hit blacks, Latinos
June 2012 Correspondence received from LASPD Chief
Zipperman denies CRC demand for moratorium but includes a commitment to have an
administrative diversion process for minor offenses, like tobacco possession
LASP and LAUSD response to our letter writing campaign, Chief Zipperman agrees
to institute a diversion process for at least tobacco possession and fighting,
two of several citable offenses that CRC has urged the District to
2012 CRC holds rally challenging LAUSD's lack of commitment to adopt a
comprehensive plan to protect youth from discriminatory ticketing and over-policing
To set the tone for the new
school year, CRC urges LAUSD to adopt a comprehensive plan to protect youth
from punitive tickets and arrests and redirect school discipline to educators
and positive, supportive interventions.
Ø http://www.thestrategycenter.org/blog/2012/08/15/protect-students-heading-back-school-ticketing-crc-rallies-media-lausd-respond (blog post by
Ashley with media links to LA Times Blog, La Opinion, and KPCC)
September 2012 Superintendent Deasy
starts the new school year with a commitment in the LAUSD 5 year strategic plan
to support ‘strategic problem-solving models,' with police on campus ‘rather
than citation and arrest-driven enforcement.'
- December 2012
engages in intensive process with youth leaders in Steering Committee and at
monthly meetings to finalize our Equal Protection Plan (provide link) as a model policy that
LAUSD should adopt to decriminalize school discipline and protect students'
Cleveland High Taking Action PSA for LAUSD and LASPD to
pass the Equal Protection Plan
December 2012 Following the Sandy Hook Elementary shooting in
Connecticut, Community Rights Campaign has a vigil for all youth lost to
Rights Campaign in a vigil for all youth lost to violence and to call for
non-violent schools. We cannot be silent while LAPD uses the Newtown shooting
to expand into LAUSD elementary and middle schools. We deeply feel the lost
lives of children and staff in Connecticut. We intimately understand the
...loss of loved ones by senseless violence-- be it through personal and/or
institutional acts of violence. Our society needs peace- an end to wars,
militarism, end of criminalization, end of all violence in our society. We need
school curriculum to teach peace, non-violence and respect.
January 2013 CRC hosts community forum to fight educational
racism, school privatization and the school-to-jail track
grassroots organizers from Philadelphia, New Orleans, Chicago, LA, in the fight
for educational justice, CRC hosts a community forum to highlight the struggle
to keep public schools public and work on a national level.
CRC fights proposed federal expansion of funding police and
National Guard presence in schools in response to Sandy Hook
Rights Campaign featured in L.A times article about their opinion on police
expansion in our schools and why it is a false solution. Fighting to stop US Senator Barbara Boxer's
bills to expand funding and National Guard presence in schools and other
reactionary responses at federal and state level.
writes a statement on the Community Rights blog about the ongoing ticketing of
students in L.A as well as non-violent intervention in schools.
January 2013 CRC hosts a Teach-In with community on police in schools
We had great turn
out and conversations on NLK Day around policing on schools and President
Obama's post-Sandy Hook proposal versus what safety would really look like for
CRC co-sponsors AB 549 state
legislation to limit police in school and prioritize resources for counselors
The Community Rights Campaign with
the Children's Defense Fund, PolicyLink and YJC is co-sponsoring an important
state bill, authored by Assemblymember Reginald Jones-Sawyer from South LA.
the role of police in schools AB
549 would require schools to better define the role of school police in their
school safety plans. It would also require community input on the
development of MOUs (contracts) between districts and police to create
accountability and make it possible to prevent police from disciplining
students with tickets and arrests.
Organizing to pass the LAUSD School Climate Bill of Rights Resolution
co-founder of the Brothers, Sons, Selves Coalition, CRC pushes for language
guaranteeing strong restrictions on school police in the draft School Climate
Bill of Rights Resolution.
May 2013 LAUSD passes historic school discipline reform measure
passing the School Climate Bill of Rights Resolution!
The Brothers, Sons, Selves Coalition with support from
Public Counsel, CADRE and DSC-LA passing a landmark school discipline reform
resolution ending suspensions for ‘willful defiance,' addressing full
implementation of School-wide Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports and
Restorative Justice and requiring guidelines on the roles and responsibilities
of school police officers on campus.
October 2013 CRC
releases ‘Black, Brown and Over-policed
in LAUSD Schools'
report analyzing LASPD data on tickets and arrests by race, age and type of
school discipline issue. Includes
specific recommendation to adopt the CRC Equal Protection Plan, end tickets and
arrests for students in elementary and middle school and remedy racial harms by
instituting restorative and positives interventions as an alternative to
LASPD Chief Zipperman releases directive to prevent citations for students 12 years
Zipperman responds to CRC demands and significant media attention to the fact
that over 40% of tickets go to youth 14 years and younger by releasing a
directive to prevent the use of citations on campus for students 12 years and
February - March 2014
CRC organizers present to the LAUSD Discipline Task Force & Board Member
Garcia's Progressive School Discipline Committee on school police data, civil
rights and national models for reform
December meeting with LAUSD leadership and Chief Zipperman results in a
commitment to move the school police guideline and start with a presentation to
the Task Force.
May - August 2014
CRC and Public Counsel meet with LASPD leadership team to draft and refine new
policy to meet the Equal Protection Plan demand and PC led arrest reforms
May, Chief Zipperman convenes an LASPD leadership team to work with community
to draft guidelines on the roles and responsibilities of police on campus that
includes decriminalization of several citable offense and arrests for battery.
August 2014 Joint
public release of new LASPD policy with CRC, Public Counsel, Deputy
Superintendent Michelle King, Board Member Monica Garcia, LASPD Chief Steven
Zipperman and Presiding Judge Michael Nash at Manual Arts High School!
Public Counsel and student leaders organize press event to release the final ‘Equal
Protection Plan' to the broader community.
The new school police
policy contains the following student protections:
step-by-step process required by officers that will prevent a ticket or arrest
for severalcriminal codes if the matter can be handled administratively
(possession ofmarijuana (not smoking), fighting, possession of alcohol,
consuming alcohol, vandalism of District property (less than $400), trespassing
as an LAUSD student, theft of District property (under $50),tobacco
possession and arrests for battery;
- An automatic
administrative handling for tobacco possession and petty theft of District
- Limits on arrests and
tickets for school fights;
- Graduated responses to
prevent a ticket or a diversion for a first time incident;
opportunity to access resources at a FamilySource Center before a ticket is
- An emphasis
on restorative justice and creating opportunities to repair conflict rather
- Limits on
arrests that take place during times that disrupt the learning environment; and
- An ongoing
commitment to review data and mitigate punitive actions related to policeinteractions
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