Ten Reasons Why Protecting Unions Is a Life and Death Issue
1) Because the relationship between labor and capital, labor and management is in contradiction: They do not have the same class interests. Otherwise we wouldn’t need unions. Unions propose radical ideas such as higher pay, safer working conditions, vacations, medical leave and benefits, and pensions. Employers, especially at this time in history, have gone to war against all of those “benefits” that many workers considered part of their total pay package—negotiated between the union and management. In one fell swoop, the Governor of Wisconsin like a petty monarch has declared that unions do not have bargaining rights—their life and blood. All governors and anti-worker politicians are trying to copycat Scott Walker in other states.
2) Unions support the most progressive causes in the U.S.: Look at every ballot initiative statewide and nationally. Public sector unions in general have supported gay rights, women’s reproductive rights, civil rights, and the rights of immigrants to live in peace, moving towards amnesty and citizenship.
3) Unions are one of the few organized forces that can challenge the corporations in the political arena: The corporations outspend the unions 23 to 1 but are constantly pushing to expand their power. Under the Supreme Court’s Citizens United decision, corporations can now spend unlimited money on electoral campaigns. There may come a time when it costs $3 billion to run for president and $10 million to run for a seat in the House of Representatives, which only one party, the Republicans, will be able to fund. Union funds for progressive initiatives and candidates are essential to our democracy and are under heavy attack. The right to use members’ dues for political expenditures is both a democratic right of any union and essential; attacks on this right should be resisted. (How many votes does it take for the Koch brothers to spend their billions?”)
4) Unions are a great place for women’s leadership: The AFL-CIO has elected Arlene Holt Baker as the first Black executive officer, the Executive Vice President and Liz Schuler as Secretary Treasurer alongside new President Rich Trumka. This makes two of the top 3 officers in the federation women. Elizabeth Bunn is the first woman to be Organizing Director and Lynn Rhinehart is the first woman General Council. At the national level, Randi Weingarten is the president of the American Association of Teachers and Mary Kay Henry is president of the Service Employees International Union. The rise of women’s leadership in top positions is reflected all the way down to the rank and file.
5) Unions have become a great friend of Latino immigrant labor: I remember, as late as the 1960s, some unions being unfriendly to immigrant labor, seeing them taking “American” jobs. But the union movement has made a moral and strategic about-face through the work of SEIU’s Justice for Janitors and the Hotel Employees and Restaurant Employees, among others. Virtually every major union has by now welcomed, trained, and integrated Latinos into the rank and file and leadership of the union, and Latinos are now a formidable force inside organized labor. The labor union is becoming an important institution for community integrity and viability among Latinos.
6) Unions are a critical component of the Black community: The symbolism of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. being killed while supporting a sanitation workers’ strike is in how he offered a new strategy of a civil rights/labor alliance to address racism, poverty, and war. For almost a century, the public jobs in the North were one of the few places Black men and women could find meaningful work. Today, the Right-wing bias against public sector workers and their unions is a thinly veiled attack on Black women and men doing a great job providing essential services in government agencies, from Social Security and Medicare to the post office. Trade unions, the church, and civil rights groups are three invaluable pillars holding the Black community together as it comes under fierce attack.
7) Unions are one of the few institutional bulwarks against a corporate dictatorship over all of us: I mentioned their role in the ballot initiative and electoral process but how are people organized in society? Into factories and cafeterias and big box stores. They wake up in the morning and even with strong unions, much of their life is dominated by the company: what time to show up, what time is break and do we get one, how fast do we work. When I went to work in the GM Van Nuys plant in 1981, “old timers” used to tell me that they couldn’t get bathroom breaks until their regular break and often had to hold it in for two hours while working on an assembly line. The union had won “relief men and women” who could come to your job and let you get out for 5 minutes and get back to the line—a civilizing element of work won by the UAW. One hundred years ago, women in the Triangle Shirt Waist Factory had to work in a factory with permanently closed doors—essentially locked in. Bob Herbert of The New York Times has said that the astronomical and immoral concentration of wealth is moving the US toward becoming a democracy in name only. Labor unions are among our best hopes for democracy.
8) Union meetings are rough and tumble but a real exciting place to go: Some local unions are run by a clique but the members have the right to vote them out. Some union meetings are run top down but the workers have the right to yell out their ideas and get the floor. Some local unions—like the one I was in, UAW Local 645 in Van Nuys California—were hotbeds of political discussion where workers debated Jobs with Peace, civil rights, immigrant rights, nuclear disarmament, the war in El Salvador, and of course our local contract, conditions in the plant, uses of union money, and future elections. Local union meetings are best for the feisty but the great thing about them is that they are real grassroots democracy. If you haven’t yet, you should try it. Democracy gets to be a contagious thing.
9) Unions are a force for world peace and do not want working people fighting each other when peaceful means of resolving disputes exist: In recent years, the AFL-CIO came out strongly against the war in Iraq, the first time it had ever opposed a war when U.S. troops were on the ground. The AFL-CIO also passed a resolution for the US to withdraw the troops from Afghanistan. At the One Nation March in October, 2010, many union leaders like UAW President Bob King made heart-felt pleas to bring the troops home and to invest in our declining if not dying schools, hospitals, clean industries and social services—all of which could generate millions of jobs. A great group, U.S. Labor Against the War, has been doing some very fine organizing. They have 190 affiliates—everything from entire national unions such as the Communications Workers of America to local labor councils, entire union locals, and local USLAW workers’ groups. As organizer Gene Briskin points out, the anti-war movement today has the highest number of working class people in the leadership of any anti-war movement going back decades. Its base has a strong working class as well as student and middle class composition.
10) Unions are social and cool: Today people are so damned lonely. Large workplaces are shutting down. People are living on their parent’s couch. Families are taking care of ailing relatives (with very little or no help from the government). People try to construct a life with 20 apps on their iPhone but all it does is send them from one lonely place to another. I know friends who have 1,000 “friends” on Facebook, but not one answered a call to come out to a demonstration. Some friends. Unions provide companionship and camaraderie in the midst of alienation and anomie. It’s damn lonely out there and unions offer softball teams, social events, and a sense of community. I’m a New York Knick fan and even with the addition of Amar’e and Melo, I’m not dying to wear my N.Y. gear. But I love wearing my UAW t-shirts. It’s where I belong.
Eric Mann was a member of SEIU 250 in San Francisco/Oakland as an operating room orderly. He was a member of UAW Local 560 in Milpitas, California and UAW Local 645 in Van Nuys, California. He was the coordinator of the Campaign to Keep GM Van Nuys Open, keeping that plant open for 10 years (1982-1992) after GM threatened to shut it down. He is the Director of the Labor/Community Strategy Center in Los Angeles, a working class center for civil rights and the environment. He is the author of Playbook for Progressives: 16 Qualities of the Successful Organizer, to be published by Beacon Press on June 28, 2011 and available for pre-order on Amazon right now.
About Eric Mann
- Jan 22 2013